The preamble of the FSSAI act also aims to provide food safety to the consumers. It has
prepared a checklist to ensure efficiency and transparency in food safety inspections. They have
prepared a list of compliances for general manufacturing, milk processing units, meat processing units,
slaughterhouses, catering, retail, transport, and storage and warehouse units. These legal compliances
concern the design and facilities provided in the unit, control of their operations, maintenance and
sanitation, personal hygiene, training, and complaint handling in these units.
Over the years, we have seen improved awareness regarding the quality of food and its safety. Whether the product is imported or home-based the Food safety and standards authority of India (FSSAI) is monitoring and surveying food business operators under the provisions of the Food Safety and Standards Act (FSSA), 2006. It is imperative to note here that since the administrative control of FSSA has been allocated to the FSSAI body, it thereby holds to be the single reference point authority. There have been 68 food testing laboratories attributed by FSSAI that have been established under FSSA, 2011 Regulations.
FSSAI License compliances also comprise Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011. It also offers quality compliance such as a sample of any food article has to be sent to the food analyst of a notified laboratory. The referral laboratory will conduct tests and investigate the food samples for fixation of food standards for that food item. To ensure high standards of accuracy, reliability, credibility, high professional discipline is maintained in the laboratories.
In India, for Food Products, whether Manufactured or Imported to India, it is important
to obey the regulations. There are some food ingredients or additives that can be used in the food
products in their country of origin, but the same food ingredients or additives might not be permitted
to be used in India. Therefore, the Food Product Compliance Check is an imperative requirement for the
Food Business Operators to follow the regulatory standards as per the Indian Food Safety Authority.
The process for formula compliance check is a tedious process that requires complete knowledge and a great understanding of the standards for food products and the food category system of the Food Safety and Standards Regulations. The commodities that have their standards as per the Indian Food Regulations are required to obey them. Whereas in the case of Proprietary foods, the ingredients and additives are distinguished in the regulations. If any food ingredient or additive has not been specified in the regulations, it needs non-specified food approval from FSSAI, to be manufactured or imported in India.
In order to ensure the use of permitted ingredients and additives within their permissible limits, product formula review is also mandatory in accordance with the Food Category defined by FSSAI in the respective regulations and standards.
Claims and Advertisements of Food Products are strictly supervised by FSSAI in India.
The claims or advertisements that are not in compliance with the regulations or have not been
scientifically substantiated are considered “misleading”. As the food supplements industry in India has
grown quickly, the cases of misleading claims have also increased. Only a few Food companies understand
the marketable risks of misleading claims. The FSSAI has standardized the claims and advertisements on
food products again in 2018. However, the other types of claims that are not standardized under these
regulations, requires the food business operators to refer to relevant scientific data and hold the
documentary evidence of such data. The food business operative must submit the documented scientific
data to the Food Authority as and when called for.
Understanding the need of the product, we assist our clients in the substantiation of required claims for labeling and advertising purposes. We help our clients to gather scientific works, conduct clinical trials on their specific food products, including functional foods, for the required purposes.
FSSAI also offers requirements for food packaging. Under the Food Safety and Standards
(Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011, packaging and labeling regulations have been issued. For
pre-packaged, patented, and other particular products, comprehensive regulations have been issued. It
argues that the food should be packaged in such a way that, once the food is eaten, its contents remain
unchanged. For this reason, the compliance with food packaging and labeling that every food business
operator must observe is:
After procuring the FSSAI license, the license holder comes under the supervision of the FFSAI
regulatory authority. Therefore, it becomes crucial to follow all the rules and regulations of the law
in hand. In case you breach any of such provisions, then you may have to endure punishment and penalties
attached to it.
Various penalties are as follows: –
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